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Scientific name: Salvia coccinea

Description and characteristics: Annual, herb. Native to Mexico.  Attracts hummingbirds, butterflies, and bees. It is in the mint family (identified with square stems). Common name: Texas sage, Blood sage.

Mazatec shamans have a long and continuous tradition of religious use of a related plant, Salvia divinorum. Most of the plant's local common names allude to the Mazatec belief that the plant is an incarnation of the Virgin Mary.

This is a Texas native plant.

Size: 1-3 feet tall, 1 foot wide

Flowers: Red. Spring through early fall. There are many cultivars with different colored flowers.

Requirements: Sun, part sun. Drought tolerant. Soil needs to be well-drained. Easy to grow. Deer resistant. Tolerates salt spray and salty soil. Loves hot weather.

Notes: Very heavy rains (5+ inches) occurred in late May, 2014. These plants died, but since they were blooming and doing well prior to the deluge they should re-seed themselves.

An experiment was conducted on one of the plants. It was pruned severely to see if it would grow back. By mid-June it was beginning to show life. Also, new plants were emerging where seeds had dropped from previous flowers. The remaining plants were lightly pruned.

The heavy pruning experiment revealed that heavy pruning kills the plant. New plants (from the seeds of the originals) are doing well and began blooming in mid July of 2014.

City of West Columbia • PO Box 487 • West Columbia, TX 77486 • (979) 345-3123 •
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