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Scientific name: Punica granatum

Size: 16–26’

Flower: About 2” long, often double, and are produced over a long period in summer

Description and characteristics:  Fruit-bearing deciduous shrub or small tree.  Very long-lived.

Fruits from September to February. Pomegranates are used in cooking, baking, juices, smoothies and alcoholic beverages, such as martinis and wine. Rich in vitamin C & K and fiber. All parts of the tree have been utilized as sources of tannin for curing leather.

Pomegranate has been mentioned in many ancient texts, notably in Babylonian texts, the Book of Exodus, the Homeric Hymns and the Quran. The name pomegranate derives from Medieval Latin pomum "apple" and granatum "seeded".  The genus name Punica refers to the Phoenicians, who were active in broadening its cultivation, partly for religious reasons.

Ancient Egyptians regarded the pomegranate as a symbol of prosperity and ambition. In Ancient Greek mythology, the pomegranate was known as the "fruit of the dead". Pomegranates continue to be a motif often found in Christian religious decoration. They are often woven into the fabric of vestments and liturgical hangings or wrought in metalwork. Pomegranate was the symbol of fertility in ancient Persian culture.

Juice of the pomegranate may be effective in reducing heart disease, hypertension (high blood pressure), viral infections, and as an antibacterial against dental plaque.
Requirements: Full sun. Drought tolerant. Thrives on calcareous, alkaline soil and on deep, acidic loam and a wide range of soils in between these extremes. For good fruit production, the plant must be irrigated. Best in climates with long hot, dry summers and cool winters.

Notes: In early July of 2014 fruit appeared.

City of West Columbia • PO Box 487 • West Columbia, TX 77486 • (979) 345-3123 •
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